Mexican Saltillos are named such after the fine textiles that originated in the town of Saltillo. The Classic Period (17th-18thC.) represent some of the finest weavings ever created. As opposed to the vertical loom of the Navajos, they are woven on horizontal looms and feature superfine weave of brilliant vegetal (especially indigo) and cochineal (red dye from beetles) dyes. They were commissioned and worn by aristocratic caballeros. These Saltillos had slits in the center so they could be worn on horseback. The center traditionally featured a beautiful serrated lozenge design. The Navajos became familiar with these textiles a s they were imported through the trade routes from Mexico. These serrated designs greatly influenced the Navajos in their “dazzler” weavings.
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